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關于歷年真題SAT名詞單復數剖析(1)

2013-07-11 來源:讀書人 
讀書人網精心為大家整理了關于歷年真題SAT名詞單復數剖析,今后帶來更多更全更新的教育考試類相關資料,希望對大家的考試能帶來幫助!

  歷年SAT真題中,名詞單復數算是小眾的考點了,在IE中的出現數量在0至2個之間徘徊。但正由于出現頻率不高,考生對名詞單復數的考察很容易忽略。因此對于名詞單復數考查方式的總結剖析十分必要。根據06年到2012年的真題,所有IE,IS名詞單復數的考點可以總結為以下四種形式:

  1. 主系表/主謂賓結構中主語和表語/賓語數量不對等

  首先我們要弄清主系表結構的含義。英文中主系表結構由主語,系動詞和表語組成。主語為名詞或者代詞,位于句首。表語用來修飾主語,說明主語的身份、性質、品性、特征和狀態,位于系動詞之后。通常由名詞、形容詞、副詞、介詞短語、不定式、動詞-ing或者從句來充當。例如:

  He is at home. (at home是介詞短語,作表語)

  My favorite subject is reading. (reading是動名詞,作表語)

  系動詞分為三類,

  -Be動詞

  -表感官,如

  Look, feel, seem, smell, taste, sound, touch

  -表狀態維持或轉換,如

  Turn, get, go, fall, remain, become, prove, appear, keep, stay, continue, stand

  總而言之,系動詞和表語聯系十分緊密,有系動詞就有表語,有表語就有系動詞。在這一類考點中,形式多呈現為一個變多個或者多個變一個。

  2009.10

  (A significant factor )to include in the budget when (buying a car are the costs of fuel and maintenance and the( insurance payments.)

  解析:每一道IE題,最重要的都是劃分句子主干,先閱讀句子的主干成分,即A factor are costs.很明顯,這句話的主語是單數,而表語是復數,應把A改為Significant factors.

  2010.1

  A big vegetable salad is( generally )more nutritious (than )a low-fat pasta dish, (but )either meal would be (good choices) for the health-conscious eater.

  解析:這句話主干是A salad is more nutritious than a dish, but either meal would be good choices. 問題在于后半句would be系動詞連接的兩部分數量不一致。

  IS中也有同樣的考點:

  2009.5

  Turquoise-inlaid frog and bird figurines( seems to have played an important role )in prehistoric ceremonies in what is now the southwestern United States.

  (A) seems to have played an important role

  (B) seems to have played important roles

  (C) seems to be playing an important role

  (D) seem to have played played important roles

  (E) seeming to be playing important roles

  解析:seems to have played是復合謂語,主語是復數,根據主謂一致必須用seem,且不可能是一個role,因此選D.

  2011.1

  Although Debussy and Ravel are generally considered( an impressionist composer, their compositional styles are) quite distinct from one another.

  (A) an impressionist composer, their compositional styles are

  (B) to be an impressionist composer, their compositional style is

  (C) as having been impressionist composers, their compositional style is

  (D) impressionist composers, their compositional styles are

  (E) impressionist composers, whose compositional styles are

  解析:Debussy和Ravel不能被看作一個人,排除A,B. 而C答案中style是單數,兩個人的風格是styles;根據although的連詞性質,后半部分必須有完整的句子,所以E的whose錯。選D。



(作者:讀書人網友 編輯:kind887)
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