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雅思寫作高分技巧--簡單句變復雜句

2015-09-30 來源:讀書人網 
我在教學過程中,經常叫學生多寫單句,我說單句寫好了,復雜句也會寫。這個做法可能和大部分的老師是相反的。我

我在教學過程中,經常叫學生多寫單句,我說單句寫好了,復雜句也會寫。這個做法可能和大部分的老師是相反的。我的教學方法基于一個簡單的道理:雅思考官不好蒙騙。你一個復雜句如果寫的不對,考官馬上可以看出來,分數馬上就會降低。因此,踏實寫好簡單句,分數更加容易提高。

  基礎不好的同學(包括不熟悉詞性、句子成分的同學)可以做一下2.9的句子翻譯。這是我為學生設計的一個翻譯練習。過去幾年中幫助無數學生短時間提高了語法,在網絡上很多學生不斷傳播。

  當你熟悉單句后,下一步可以將句子連接起來。

  方法1:如果兩個簡單句沒有因果關系,基本上是兩個獨立的事情,往往可以簡單地用and相連。 

  舉例:children are not sensitive to prices and parents prefer to satisfy their needs.

  方法2:如果兩個簡單句有一定的因果關系,往往可以用狀語從句相連。 

  一般來說,if 和when引導條件狀語從句(也有一定因果關系,只是不那么強)

  舉例:If advertising campaigns directed at children are regulated, children will not pester their parents to buy many goods for them.

  Since, as, because, so等引導原因或者結果狀語從句,表示比較強的因果關系

  舉例:some children like fast food since they are overwhelmed by fast food advertisements every day.

  方法3:如果狀語從句怕重復,可以用and(或者;)+連接詞的方式 

  有很多連接詞because of this, as a result of this, consequently, as a consequence 等,都是表示因果關系。

  舉例:some children are addicted to violent video games, and because of this, they can show aggression and bully their peers at school.

  方法4:如果第一個單句的最后一個單詞和第二個單句的第一個單詞重復,可以用定語從句連接。 

  舉例:Children are increasingly temperamental due to their addiction to violent electronic games. These games are normally promoted by advertising firms.

  可以改成:Children are increasingly temperamental due to their addiction to violent electronic games, which are normally promoted by advertising firms.

  方法5:如果第二個單句是第一個單句的結果,有可能使用非限制性定語從句 

  舉例:Advertisements have given a lot of information about products. This enables parents to make well-informed buying decisions.

  可以改成:Advertisements have given a lot of information about products, which can help parents to make well-informed buying decisions.

  簡而言之,不要嫌棄簡單句,簡單句寫熟了,復雜句很容易寫


(作者:網絡 編輯:kind887)
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